Six days away from Home Country 5 only days in UK, it is true I breath pure air no dust in it walk in streets clean and not broken and damaged but each and every second I think of Egypt, however today’s article is still closely related to Egypt but not bout Egypt.
Beginning in 1957, Syria was close to a communist takeover of political power; it had a highly organized Communist Party and the army's chief of staff, Afif al-Bizri, was a Communist sympathizer. Egyptian president Jamal Abdel Nasser told a Syrian delegation, including President Shukri Al-Quwatli and Prime Minister Khaled Al-Azem, that they needed to rid their government of communists, but the delegation countered and warned him that only total union with Egypt would end the "communist threat".http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_Arab_Republic - cite_note-brti-2
According to Abdel Latif Boghdadi, Nasser resisted a total union with Syria, favoring instead a federal union. However, Nasser was "more afraid of a Communist takeover" and agreed on a total merger.http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_Arab_Republic - cite_note-brti-2 The increasing strength of the Syrian Communist Party, under the leadership of Khalid Bakdash, worried the ruling Party (Baath Party), which was also suffering from an internal crisis from which prominent members were anxious to find an escape.http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_Arab_Republic - cite_note-brti-2 Syria had had a democratic government since the overthrow of Adib al-Shishakli's military regime in 1954, and popular pressure for Arab unity was reflected in the composition of parliament.
When Bizri led a second Syrian delegation composed of military officers on January 11, 1958, and personally discouraged Syro-Egyptian unity, Nasser opted for a total merger. Only Syrian advocates of unity, including Salah al-Din Bitar and Akram El-Hourani had prior knowledge of the delegation; Quwatli and Azem were notified a day later and considered it tantamount to a "military coup".
Established on February 1, 1958, as a first step towards a pan-Arab state, the UAR was created when a group of political and military leaders in Syria proposed a merger of the two states to Egyptian president Jamal Abdel Nasser. Pan-Arab sentiment was very strong in Syria, and Nasser was a popular hero-figure throughout the Arab world following the Suez War of 1956. There was thus considerable popular support in Syria for union with Nasser's Egypt. The protocols were signed by leading Egyptian and Syrian officials, although Azem did so reluctantly.
Nasser became the republic's president and very soon carried out a crackdown against the Syrian Communists and opponents of the union which included dismissing Bizri and Azem from their posts!
Nasser's final terms were decisive and non-negotiable: “a plebiscite, the dissolution of parties, and the withdrawal of the army from politics”. While the plebiscite seemed reasonable to most Syrian elites, the latter two conditions were extremely worrisome. They believed it would destroy political life in Syria.http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_Arab_Republic - cite_note-7 Despite these concerns, the Syrian officials knew it was too late to turn back. Mounting public pressure for union with Egypt was becoming too great to ignore.
Given this historical back ground we see the union with Syria was a necessity implied by the political environment at the time, but Nasser dictatorship nature started to be the stones in the grave of that union. First demonstration of power under the pretext of population ratios was the National assembly of 600 members, 400 Egyptians while only 200 from Syria!
The electoral system in Egypt under which the National Democratic Party operated did not meet internationally recognized standards of electoral democracies. The political system is designed to ensure solid majorities for the ruling NDP [National Democratic Party for brief] at all levels of government. More generally, many analysts and policy makers have observed that there is no such thing as democracy or democratization in the Arab World today and Egypt under Nasser ruling was no exception!
Back to the historically brief Union with Syria which ended on Sept. 28, 1961, when Syria, following a military coup, declared itself independent of Egypt. Despite the dissolution of the union, Egypt retained the name United Arab Republic until Sept. 2, 1971, when it took the name Arab Republic of Egypt.
However, this did not end our historical relations still Syria a very dear portion of the Arab world which has never ending ties with Egypt. I wish to remind new generations that Syrian Army participated in the October / Ramadan war of 1973! Without the help of the Syrian Army deploying an attack on Israel at the Golan Heights our Egyptian Army would had faced a very difficult time crossing over the Suez Canal!
Having underlines the historical ties to this dear portion of the Arab World Syria let us see briefly what is happening NOW in this part f the world!
Syrian civil war
The Syrian civil war also referred to as the Syrian uprising, is an ongoing armed conflict in Syria between forces loyal to the Baath Party government and those seeking to oust it. The conflict began on 15 March 2011 with nationwide demonstrations as part of the wider protest movement known as the Arab Spring. Protesters demanded the end to nearly five decades of Baath Party rule, as well as the resignation of President Bashar al-Assad.
The International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) says fighting in Syria is so widespread that the conflict is now in effect a civil war.
The change in status means combatants will now be officially subject to the Geneva Conventions, leaving them more exposed to war crimes prosecutions.
The Red Cross had previously regarded only the areas around Idlib, Homs and Hama as war zones.
Meanwhile, the Syrian government is disputing claims it used heavy weapons.
Activists initially described fighting on Thursday in the village of Tremseh near Hama as a massacre of dozens of civilians, but later accounts suggested most of the dead were armed rebels.
The UN accused Syrian forces of using heavy artillery, tanks and helicopters, but Damascus denied those allegations and said just two civilians had been killed.
The accusations, if proved, would mean Damascus had broken an agreement it made with envoy Kofi Annan.
Later on Sunday, video footage emerged purporting to show heavy fighting in southern Damascus.
Activists claimed the fighting was the most intense seen in the capital since the start of anti-government protests in March last year.
"What matters is that international humanitarian law applies wherever hostilities between government forces and opposition groups are taking place across the country," he said.
The BBC's Imogen Foulkes in Geneva says the statement is significant because it is the Red Cross' job to monitor the conduct of the fighting, and to tell warring parties what their obligations are.
Under the Geneva Conventions, indiscriminate attacks on civilians, attacks on medical personnel or the destruction of basic services like water or electricity are forbidden and can be prosecuted as war crimes.
From now on, all those fighting in Syria are officially subject to the laws of war, and could end up at a war crimes tribunal if they disobey them.
Last month, the UN's head of peacekeeping Herve Ladsous also said Syria was in a state of civil war.
And Syrian President Bashar al-Assad has previously said the country is in a state of war.
Some 16,000 people are thought to have been killed since the uprising against Mr Assad's regime began in March 2011.
UN diplomats are attempting to agree a way forward for the organization’s monitoring mission in the country.
The mission's mandate runs out on Friday, and Western nations are trying to get Russia and China to agree to a beefed-up resolution authorizing sanctions.
I brief here for young generations, people mislead by Islamists as apparently Muslim Brotherhood (MB) is deeply involved in this conflict, and by all means civil war after the one on Lebanon, and once more Lebanon is involved in more problems again with a half Iranian half MB (Hezb-oula) party inside Lebanon it is the aim and goal of MB to take over this part of the Arabic world that resisted so far fiercely Islamization by Religious Extremists thanks to his numerous Christians inhabitants due to its historical and geographical ties to Palestine the land where Jesus leaved and crucified and spread the word of God from!
Bottom line is due to Communist and anti religion conspiracies Involving Russia and now China too; the unity with Syria failed, Egyptians and Syrians become officially two different entities two separate counties but the ties of people never ended Egyptians regard at Syrians as brothers and Syrians treat Egyptians as big brothers, in reality in a community Egyptian Authorities never been officially present, Syrian Authorities represented Egyptians, when a document needed to be authenticated by Egyptian –non existing consulate- Syrian consulate would willingly authenticate those documents, and Egyptian authorities would respect this authentication! That is to say the Unity with Syrians still unofficially in the hearts of all Syrians and Egyptians!
The reason for this article about Syria is that our OFFICIAL PRESIDENT –I reiterate here Official, imposed and not Elected president as he always clams- Dr. Mohamed Morsy tried more than once due to personal agendas or MB directions or what so ever reason to take active role in this CIVIL SYRIAN war not as a negotiator or humanitarian to spare Syrian Blood but to participate in more atrocities and more Syrian blood to be shed…
So Dr. Morsy PLEASE HANDS OFF SYRIA…
May God bless Egypt and Syrians and All Humans who need Peaceful Life on this Earth…